2D proactive uplink resource allocation algorithm for event based MTC applications

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Conference Proceeding
IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, WCNC, 2018, 2018-April pp. 1 - 6
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© 2018 IEEE. We propose a two dimension (2D) proactive uplink resource allocation (2D-PURA) algorithm that aims to reduce the delay/latency in event-based machine-type communications (MTC) applications. Specifically, when an event of interest occurs at a device, it tends to spread to the neighboring devices. Consequently, when a device has data to send to the base station (BS), its neighbors later are highly likely to transmit. Thus, we propose to cluster devices in the neighborhood around the event, also referred to as the disturbance region, into rings based on the distance from the original event. To reduce the uplink latency, we then proactively allocate resources for these rings. To evaluate the proposed algorithm, we analytically derive the mean uplink delay, the proportion of resource conservation due to successful allocations, and the proportion of uplink resource wastage due to unsuccessful allocations for 2D-PURA algorithm. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed method can save over 16.5 and 27 percent of mean uplink delay, compared with the 1D algorithm and the standard method, respectively.
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