An Amorphous Alloy Magnetic-Bus-Based SiC NPC Converter with Inherent Voltage Balancing for Grid-Connected Renewable Energy Systems

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 2019, 29 (2)
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© 2002-2011 IEEE. This paper presents an amorphous alloy magnetic-bus-based neutral point clamped (NPC) converter for grid-connected renewable generation systems. In the proposed system, the amorphous alloy high-frequency high-power density multi-winding magnetic bus generates balanced dc supplies for the five-level (5L) NPC converter for high-quality power conversion. Compared to the traditional NPC converter topologies, the proposed magnetic-bus-based architecture does not require any control circuit for voltage balancing of the series connected capacitors. The magnetic bus inherently overcomes galvanic isolation issues and may reduce the size of the boosting inductor. In this paper, a finite control set model predictive control algorithm is derived to control the grid-connected 5L-NPC inverter for multilevel voltage synthesizing, while achieving the user-defined active and reactive power values. To verify the proposed concept, a simulation model is developed and analyzed in MATLAB/Simulink environment. To validate the technology, a scale d-down prototype test platform is developed in the laboratory with silicon carbide switching devices, which achieves high blocking voltage, low power dissipation, high switching frequency, and high-Temperature operation. Based on the simulation and the experimental results, it is expected that the proposed converter will have a great potential for widespread application in renewable generation systems including superconducting generator-based wind turbines.
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