A Routing Framework for Offloading Traffic from Cellular Networks to SDN-Based Multi-Hop Device-to-Device Networks

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, 2018, 15 (4), pp. 1516 - 1531
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© 2004-2012 IEEE. Device-to-device (D2D) communications are set to form an integral part of future 5G wireless networks. D2D communications have a number of benefits such as improving energy efficiency and spectrum utilization. Until now much of the D2D research in LTE and 5G-type network scenarios have focused on direct (one-hop) communications between two adjacent mobile devices. In this paper, we propose a new routing framework called virtual ad hoc routing protocol (VARP). This framework introduces significant advantages such as better security, lower routing overheads, and higher scalability, when compared to conventional ad hoc routing protocols. It also reduces traffic overhead in LTE networks using multi-hop D2D communications under management of a software defined networking (SDN)-controller. Further, it enables the development of various types of routing protocols for different networking scenarios. To this end, a source-routing based protocol was developed on top of VARP, referred to as VARP-S. We present a detailed analytical study of routing overhead in the VARP-S protocol, as compared to overhead analysis of our previous proposed hybrid SDN architecture for wireless distributed networks (HSAW) Our results show that VARP-S, compared to HSAW, achieves higher network scalability and lower power consumption for mobile nodes.
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