A scalar hysteresis model of ferromagnetic materials based on the elemental operators

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2018, 54 (11)
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© 1965-2012 IEEE. This paper introduces an elemental operator with biaxial anisotropy to simulate the scalar hysteresis phenomenon of the ferromagnetic materials. The equilibrium position of the magnetization for the elemental operator can be determined by energy minimization. To directly describe the magnetic properties of each operator, an improved analytical expression is deduced by the partial approximate substitutions. Moreover, this approach utilizes the concept of distribution function density in order to consider the interaction field and the coercive force of the elemental operators. To verify the presented model, the magnetic hysteresis of two different magnetic materials under alternating excitations is measured by the magnetic property measurement system and calculated by this elemental operator method, respectively. The comparisons suggest that this elemental operator is effective and can be a useful tool to simulate the scalar magnetic properties of ferromagnetic materials.
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