Instability analysis of brake squeal with uncertain contact conditions
- Publication Type:
- Conference Proceeding
- 25th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2018, ICSV 2018: Hiroshima Calling, 2018, 7 pp. 4031 - 4038
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© 25th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2018, ICSV 2018: Hiroshima Calling. All rights reserved. Brake squeal, as a phenomenon of friction-induced self-excited vibrations, has been a noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) problem for the automotive industry due to warranty-related claims and customer dissatisfaction. Intensive research in the past two decades have provided insight into a number of mechanisms that trigger brake squeal. However, brake squeal is a transient and nonlinear phenomenon and many determining factors are not known precisely such as material properties, operating conditions (brake pad pressure and temperature, speed), contact conditions between pad and disc, and friction. As a result, reliable prediction of brake squeal propensity is difficult to achieve and extensive noise dynamometer testings are still required to identify problematic frequencies for the development and validation of countermeasures. Here, the influence of uncertainties in friction modelling and contact conditions on friction-induced self-excited vibrations of a 3 x 3 coupled friction oscillators model is examined by combining the linear Complex Eigenvalue Analysis (CEA) method widely used in industry with a stochastic approach that incorporates these uncertainties. It has been found that unstable vibration modes with consistently high occurrence of instability independent of the contact area, friction modelling and sliding speed could be identified. Such unstable modes are considered to be robustly unstable and are most likely to produce squeal. An example is given to illustrate how instability countermeasures could be designed by repeating the uncertainty analysis for these robustly unstable modes. These results highlight the potential of reliable prediction of brake squeal propensity in a full brake-system using a stochastic approach with the CEA.
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