Optimal economic and emission dispatch of a microgrid with a combined heat and power system
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Energies, 2019, 12 (4)
- Issue Date:
© 2019 by the authors. With the rapid development of the new concept of energy internet, electric power systems often need to be investigated together with thermal energy systems. Additionally, to reduce pollution from gas emissions, it is very important to study the economic and emission dispatch of integrated electrical and heating systems. Hence, this paper proposes a multi-objective optimization dispatch model for a microgrid (MG) with a combined heat and power (CHP) system. This CHP-based MG system consists of a CHP unit, a wind turbine, a PV system, a fuel cell, an electric boiler, an electric storage, and a heat storage. It can exchange electricity with the distribution network and exchange heat with the district heating network. Minimum economic cost and minimum environmental cost are considered as the two objectives for the operation of this CHP-based MG system. To solve the two objective optimization problem, the multi-objective bacterial colony chemotaxis algorithm is utilized to obtain the Pareto optimal solution set, and the optimal solution is chosen by the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution method. Finally, numerical case studies demonstrate the effectiveness of proposed model and method for the optimal economic and emission dispatch of the CHP-based MG system.
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