Wideband Millimeter-Wave On-Chip Quadrature Coupler with Improved In-Band Flatness in 0.13-μm SiGe Technology

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Journal Article
IEEE Electron Device Letters, 2018, 39 (5), pp. 652 - 655
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© 1980-2012 IEEE. This letter proposes a compact and broadband quadrature coupler with a center frequency of 55 GHz, which consists of a 90° broadside coupled-line to support the differential signal propagation and two T-type L-C networks to support the common signal propagation. To analyze the proposed coupler, an equivalent circuit model is provided for estimation of the distributed and lumped component values. The measured results of the proposed on-chip quadrature coupler show that the return loss and isolation are greater than 20 dB with a bandwidth of 105%, while the insertion loss is about -0.85 dB. The magnitude imbalances are less than 1 dB within the bandwidth of 56% and the phase differences are with ±1° errors within the bandwidth of 96.9%. The chip size, excluding the test pads, is only 0.31 × 0.22 mm2.
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