Convex Models for Optimal Utility-Based Distributed Generation Allocation in Radial Distribution Systems

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Journal Article
IEEE Systems Journal, 2018, 12 (4), pp. 3497 - 3508
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© 2007-2012 IEEE. This paper introduces various models for optimal and maximal utility-based distributed generation penetration in the radial distribution systems. Several problems with different probabilistic indices as objective functions constrained by power flow equations, distributed generation penetration, voltage, and thermal limits are proposed to obtain the optimal penetration of distributed generations on rural distribution networks. There are tradeoffs between interests and risks that the distribution network operators or distribution companies may be willing to take on. Thus, to have an effective method for maximal allocation of distributed generations, new indices are proposed, and the problems are formulated as a risk-constrained optimization model. The obtained problems have mixed-integer nonlinear programming and nonconvex forms because of nonlinearity and nonconvexity of the optimal power flow (OPF) equations and indices, leading to computationally nondeterministic polynomial-time-hard problems. Accordingly, in this paper, convex relaxations of OPF are introduced instead of the conventional nonlinear equations. Efficient linear equivalents of the objective function and constraints are introduced to reduce the computational burden. Test results of the proposed models on a radial distribution system are presented and discussed.
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