Energy Security within Malaysia’s Water-Energy-Food Nexus—A Systems Approach

Publisher:
MDPI AG
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Systems, 2019, 7 (1), pp. 14 - 37 (24)
Issue Date:
2019-03-09
Metrics:
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While knowledge of energy security has been thorough and elaborate, understanding energy security within the context of the water-energy-food nexus, where substantial inter-sectoral causes and effects exist, is less established, more so for Malaysia. This paper investigates the impact of two energy scenarios on identified key indicators within the context of the water-energy-food nexus. By utilizing a mixed method of qualitative interview and quantitative system dynamics modelling, representative causal loop diagrams and stock-flow diagrams were constructed to predict and allow for the analysis of behaviors of selected key indicators. Key findings include the importance of allowing a reasonable penetration of 20% renewable energy for the long term, and having a proper consideration for nuclear energy to assist in keeping energy costs low for the mid-term.
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