Topology-guided deformable registration with local importance preservation for biomedical images

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Journal Article
Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2018, 63 (1)
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Zheng_2018_Phys._Med._Biol._63_015028.pdfPublished Version4.74 MB
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© 2017 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine. The demons registration (DR) model is well recognized for its deformation capability. However, it might lead to misregistration due to erroneous diffusion direction when there are no overlaps between corresponding regions. We propose a novel registration energy function, introducing topology energy, and incorporating a local energy function into the DR in a progressive registration scheme, to address these shortcomings. The topology energy that is derived from the topological information of the images serves as a direction inference to guide diffusion transformation to retain the merits of DR. The local energy constrains the deformation disparity of neighbouring pixels to maintain important local texture and density features. The energy function is minimized in a progressive scheme steered by a topology tree graph and we refer to it as topology-guided deformable registration (TDR). We validated our TDR on 20 pairs of synthetic images with Gaussian noise, 20 phantom PET images with artificial deformations and 12 pairs of clinical PET-CT studies. We compared it to three methods: (1) free-form deformation registration method, (2) energy-based DR and (3) multi-resolution DR. The experimental results show that our TDR outperformed the other three methods in regard to structural correspondence and preservation of the local important information including texture and density, while retaining global correspondence.
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