Experimental study of semi-active magnetorheological elastomer base isolation system using optimal neuro fuzzy logic control

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Journal Article
Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 2019, 119 pp. 380 - 398
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd In this paper, a “smart” base isolation strategy is proposed in this study utilising a semi-active magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) isolator whose stiffness can be controlled in real-time and reversible fashion. By modulating the applied current, the horizontal stiffness of the MRE isolator can be controlled and thus the control action can be generated for the isolated structure. To overcome the inherent nonlinearity and hysteresis of the MRE isolator, radial basis function neural network based fuzzy logic control (RBF-NFLC) was developed due to its inherent robustness and capability in coping with uncertainties. The NFLC was optimised by a non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm type II (NSGA-II) for better suited fuzzy control rules as well as most appropriate parameters for the membership functions. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed smart base isolation system, four scenarios are tested under various historical earthquake excitations, i.e. bare building with no isolation, passive isolated structure, MRE isolated structure with Bang-Bang control, MRE isolated structure with proposed NFLC. A three-storey shear building model was adopted as the testing bed. Through the testing results, limited performance of passive isolation system was revealed. In contrast, the adaptability of the proposed isolation strategy was demonstrated and it is proven that the smart MRE base isolation system is able to provide satisfactory protection for both structural and non-structural elements of the system over a wide range of hazard dynamic loadings.
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