Fast solution of electromagnetic scattering for 3-D inhomogeneous anisotropic objects embedded in layered uniaxial media by the BCGS-FFT method

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2019, 67 (3), pp. 1748 - 1759
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. In this paper, the stabilized biconjugate gradient fast Fourier transform (BCGS-FFT) method is used to solve the electromagnetic scattering problem for 3-D inhomogeneous uniaxial anisotropic objects embedded in a layered uniaxial medium. The optical axis of the background medium is perpendicular to the layer boundaries. However, the optical axis of the scatterer can be rotated through any angles. The electric field integral equation (EFIE) is formulated in the layered uniaxial anisotropic background medium. The volumetric roof-top function is used for the basis function as well as the testing function. The dyadic Green's functions (DGFs) for both the electric field and the magnetic vector potential are used to solve the EFIE, and the results as well as the performance are compared. Several numerical simulations are carried out to validate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method. The major new contribution of this paper is to extend the BCGS-FFT method to accommodate the uniaxial anisotropy of the layered background medium. Therefore, the DGFs for the layered uniaxial medium are evaluated before solving the EFIE. In addition, the DGF for the electric field is also used to solve the 3-D scattering problem through BCGS-FFT iterations, which is different from the previous work.
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