Geosynthetic-reinforced cushioned piles with controlled rocking for seismic safeguarding

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Geosynthetics International, 2018, 25 (6), pp. 561 - 581
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© 2018 2018 Thomas Telford Ltd. In this study, a cushioned pile foundation reinforced with geosynthetics is proposed to protect buildings and foundations from seismic energy. This composite foundation utilises piles to control foundation settlement while the geosynthetic-reinforced cushion modifies the dynamic structural characteristics and the load transfer mechanism. The seismic performance of this proposed foundation system is evaluated numerically using FLAC3D software. A fully coupled nonlinear dynamic analysis was conducted in the time domain. The variation of shear modulus corresponding to shear strains in the soil is used to simulate the dynamic behaviour of the soil, while the influence of the plasticity index is also captured. The soil-geosynthetic interface utilises the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion to capture possible sliding and pull-out of the reinforcement layers. 3D numerical predictions of the tensile forces mobilised in the geosynthetic layers, the shear forces, the lateral deformations and maximum and residual inter-storey drifts in the building are presented and discussed in this paper, as well as how the shear forces and bending moments develop in the piles, and the lateral pile displacements. The results indicate that the proposed geosynthetic-reinforced cushioned pile foundation can provide design engineers with an alternative solution for safeguarding buildings constructed on soft soils in earthquake-prone regions. r2018 Thomas Telford Ltd.
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