In Situ Exsolution of Bimetallic Rh-Ni Nanoalloys: A Highly Efficient Catalyst for CO<inf>2</inf> Methanation
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2018, 10 (19), pp. 16352 - 16357
- Issue Date:
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© 2018 American Chemical Society. Unique CO2 methanation catalysts comprising bimetallic Ni-Rh nanoalloy/3DOM LaAlO3 have been successfully prepared via a poly(methyl methacrylate) microsphere colloidal crystal-templating route, followed by the in situ growth of Ni nanoparticles (NPs). Here, we show that unlike traditional Ni particles deposited on a perovskite support, the exsolution of Ni occurs on both the external and internal surface of the porous perovskite substrate, leading to a strong metal-support interaction. Owing to the exsolution of Ni and the formation of Ni-Rh nanoalloys, a 52% enhancement in the methanation turnover frequency was obtained over the Ni-Rh/3DOM LaAlO3 [13.9 mol/(mol h)] compared to Rh/3DOM LaNi0.08Al0.92O3 [9.16 mol/(mol h)] before reduction treatment. The results show that the low-temperature reducibility, rich surface adsorbed oxygen species, and basic sites of the catalyst greatly improve its activity toward CO2 methanation. The hierarchically porous structure of the perovskite support provides a high dispersion of bimetallic Ni-Rh NPs.
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