Late fusion via subspace search with consistency preservation

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 2019, 28 (1), pp. 518 - 528
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© 1992-2012 IEEE. In many real-world applications, data can be represented by multiple ways or multi-view features to describe various characteristics of data. In this sense, the prediction performance can be significantly improved by taking advantages of these features together. Late fusion, which combines the predictions of multiple features, is a commonly used approach to make the final decision for a test instance. However, it is ubiquitous that different features dispute the prediction on the same data with each other, leading to performance degeneration. In this paper, we propose an efficient and effective matrix factorization-based approach to fuse predictions from multiple sources. This approach leverages a hard constraint on the matrix rank to preserve the consistency of predictions by various features, and we thus named it as Hard-rank Constraint Matrix Factorization-based fusion (HCMF). HCMF can avoid the performance degeneration caused by the controversy of multiple features. Extensive experiments demonstrate the efficacy of HCMF for outlier detection and the performance improvement, which outperforms the state-of-the-art late fusion algorithms on many data sets.
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