Substrate integrated waveguide-based periodic backward-to-forward scanning leaky-wave antenna with low cross-polarization

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2018, 66 (8), pp. 3846 - 3856
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. For many leaky-wave antennas (LWAs), it is challenging to realize beam scanning through broadside. A problem is the presence of an open stopband (OSB), which restricts radiation in the broadside direction. In this paper, a novel substrate integrated waveguide (SIW)-based LWA is described to overcome the OSB problem and provide beam scanning continuously from the backward to the forward direction from a conventional periodic LWA. It is demonstrated that the n =-1 spatial harmonic can be excited efficiently from an SIW LWA and enables broadside radiation. However, it was found in our initial design that when the beam scans through the broadside, the cross-polarization level increases significantly compared to the beam close to the backfire direction. A technique is developed to reduce the cross-polarization level. As a result, a new antenna configuration is created. The antenna design has been realized and measured to validate the concept. The measured beam scanning range of the prototype is from -74° to +45° (119° of beam scanning) when the frequency sweeps from 7.625 to 11 GHz, and the measured cross-polarization level is 20.8 dB low at the main beam direction for the broadside beam.
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