Penetration resistance of ultra-high-strength concrete protected with layers of high-toughness and lightweight energy absorption materials

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Composite Structures, 2018, 185 pp. 807 - 820
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd Aluminium foam has advantages of excellent shock absorption, cyclic utilization, and lightweight. Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibre has a low density, a high specific strength, a high modulus and a great capability in energy absorption. Steel wire mesh has high toughness and elongation properties and a good effect on energy absorption. In the present study, UHMWPE fibre, steel wire mesh and aluminium foam were used to protect ultra-high-strength concrete (UHSC) targets to resist DT300 high-strength alloy-steel projectile penetration with striking velocities from 550 m/s to 800 m/s. High-speed impact tests on normal-strength concrete (NSC) targets were also conducted for comparison. Testing results including the failure mode, depth of penetration (DOP), crater dimensions and damage area of protected concrete targets, indicate that the new composite material protective cover has an outstanding performance in the shock wave absorption, especially in reducing the crack propagation and debris spatter of protected UHSC targets, as well as increasing the deviation angles of projectile terminal ballistic trajectories. It is a successful demonstration of anti-penetration properties research for new concrete composite structures.
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