Performance of constructed wetlands and associated mechanisms of PAHs removal with mussels

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Chemical Engineering Journal, 2019, 357 pp. 280 - 287
Issue Date:
2019-02-01
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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The role of mussels in laboratory-scale constructed wetlands (CWs) where wastewater was contaminated with five typical polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (three 3-ring PAHs and two 4-ring PAHs) was investigated in this study. The CWs performance and PAHs removal mechanisms were well studied. Results indicated that these five PAHs improved removal efficiencies of NO3-N but in the case of NH4-N accumulation occurred. Of the five added PAHs, the 4-ring PAHs were more refractory with higher concentrations in effluent than 3-ring PAHs. By monitoring the five PAHs concentration in water, mussels had excellent removal efficiency of the five PAHs (97%). According to the mass balance calculation, mussels promoted plant uptake of five PAHs, contributing 15.2% of five PAHs removal in CWs. The PAHs could also accumulate in mussels through ingested substrate. Thus, mussels presented a positive correlation with five PAHs purification at a depth of 0–10 cm in substrate, which was 34.7 μg/kg lower than the control group. Due to the purification and enhanced aerated degradation, mussels performed better in removing 3-ring PAHs in substrate, decreasing 8.3% for 3-ring PAHs compared to the control. A positive correlation between five PAHs addition and nirS, nrfA genes was observed. However, PAHs showed negative impact on nitrifying bacteria (amoA). The significant correlations between mussels and five PAHs made it possible to improve CWs for PAHs treatment with aquatic faunas.
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