Psychosocial Interventions for Mental Illness among LGBTQIA Youth: A PRISMA-Based Systematic Review

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Adolescent Research Review, 2019, 4 (2), pp. 149 - 168
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex and Asexual (LGBTQIA) youth experience a unique range of psychosocial stressors often culminating in poor mental health outcomes. A systematic review of trials that evaluated psychosocial interventions for LGBTQIA youth aged 12–25 was undertaken to evaluate the effect of treatment components and participant-related variables on treatment outcome. The results suggest that creating safe, accepting places, discussion of shared experiences, and using a cognitive behavioural or attachment-based family therapy framework significantly decreased depression, sexual minority stress, anxiety and drug and alcohol use, and enhanced participant approval. LGBTQIA youth had poorer baseline mental health than non-LGBTQIA youth and experienced greater improvements. Further experimental research is needed to define effective treatment components and relevant individual factors to maximise treatment efficacy.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: