LTE misbehavior detection in wi-fi/LTE coexistence under the LAA-LTE Standard

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Conference Proceeding
WiSec 2018 - Proceedings of the 11th ACM Conference on Security and Privacy in Wireless and Mobile Networks, 2018, pp. 87 - 98
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© 2018 Association for Computing Machinery. In this paper, we consider the fair coexistence between LTE and Wi-Fi systems in unlicensed bands. We focus on the misbehavior opportunities that stem from the heterogeneity of the coexisting systems and the lack of explicit coordination mechanisms. We show that a selfishly behaving LTE can gain an unfair share of the spectrum resources through the manipulation of the parameters defined in the LAA-LTE standard, including the manipulation of the backoff mechanism of LAA, the traffic class, the clear channel assignment threshold and others. We develop a detection mechanism for the Wi-Fi system that can identify a misbehaving LTE system. Our mechanism advances the state of the art by providing an accurate monitoring method of the LTE behavior under various topological scenarios, without explicit cross-system coordination. Deviations from the expected behavior are determined by computing the statistical distance between the protocol-specified and estimated distributions of the LAA-LTE protocol parameters. We analytically characterize the detection and false alarm probabilities and show that our detector yields high detection accuracy at very low false alarm rate, for a wise choice of statistical parameters.
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