Electrically Small Huygens Antenna-Based Fully-Integrated Wireless Power Transfer and Communication System

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2019, 7 pp. 39762 - 39769
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© 2013 IEEE. This paper introduces the first reported electrically small Huygens dual-functional wireless power transfer (WPT) and communication system operating in the 915-MHz ISM band. It is realized by the seamless combination of a Huygens linearly polarized (HLP) antenna and a highly efficient HLP rectenna. The configuration consists of two orthogonally oriented HLP subsystems. Each one intrinsically combines two pairs of metamaterial-inspired near-field resonant parasitic elements, i.e., an Egyptian axe dipole (EAD) and a capacitively loaded loop (CLL). Through the development of a very tightly coupled feed subsystem that includes the WPT mode's rectifier circuit and the communications mode's feedline while preserving their isolation, the independent operation of both functions is facilitated in an electrically small volume ( ka < 0.77 ). The measured results of its fabricated prototype agree well with their simulated values. The communications mode antenna resonates at 910 MHz and radiates a cardioid-shaped Huygens pattern with the peak gain of 2.7 dBi. The Huygens-based WPT rectenna achieves an 87.2% peak ac-to-dc conversion efficiency at 907 MHz. The dual-functional system is an ideal candidate for many emerging Internet-of-Things (IoT) wireless applications that require simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) and wirelessly powered communications (WPC).
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