Calix[4]arene-Based Porous Organic Nanosheets

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Journal Article
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2018, 10 (20), pp. 17359 - 17365
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Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society. Calixarenes are a common motif in supramolecular chemistry but have rarely been incorporated in structurally well-defined covalent 2D materials. Such a task is challenging, especially without a template, because of the nonplanar configuration and conformational flexibility of the calixarene ring. Here, we report the first-of-a-kind solvothermal synthesis of a calix[4]arene-based 2D polymer (CX4-NS) that is porous, covalent, and isolated as few-layer thick (3.52 nm) nanosheets. Experimental and theoretical characterization of the nanosheets is presented. Atomic force microscopy and transmission electron microscopy results are consistent with the calculated lowest energy state of the polymer. In the lowest energy state, parallel layers are tightly packed, and the calixarenes adopt the 1,2-alternate conformation, which gives rise to a two-dimensional pattern and a rhombic unit cell. We tested the material's ability to adsorb I 2 vapor and observed a maximum capacity of 114 wt %. Molecular simulations extended to model I 2 capture showed excellent agreement with experiments. Furthermore, the material was easily regenerated by mild ethanol washings and could be reused with minimal loss of efficiency.
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