GIS-Based Suitability Analysis on Hybrid Renewal Energy Site Allocation Using integrated MODIS and ASTER Satellite Imageries in Peninsular Malaysia

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
39th ACRS 2018 PROCEEDING, 2018, 1 (358-368), pp. 358 - 368
Issue Date:
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This study attempts to find the most suitable place to establish a hybrid renewable energy site in Malaysia where richly endowed with resources such as a diverse form of biomass and solar energy. We used Satellite-derived solar irradiance estimation which is a useful and accurate approach for solar resource calculation. To do so, MODIS Terra and Aqua satellite were assessed to extract values of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) at 550 nm. Subsequently, other topographic contribution factors were derived from ASTER satellite imagery. MODIS satellite imagery was also classified by support vector machine to extract land use/land cover. Additionally, sixteen different metrological stations were utilized to calibrate the solar irradiances achieved from MODIS satellite and provide daily wind data over the entire Peninsular Malaysia. Finally, simple additive weighting method was implemented in a geographical information system platform to develop the hybrid RE suitability model. MODIS solar radiation result showed a high coloration with field observation. The result of hybrid renewable energy suitability analysis revealed that coastal areas of Hulu Terengganu, have a high potential for allocating sites. This country scale research can be used as a guidance/preliminary assessment to narrow down the scope of new potential hybrid RE in regional scale.
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