Quantum divide-and-conquer anchoring for separable non-negative matrix factorization

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
IJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2018, 2018-July pp. 2093 - 2099
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© 2018 International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence. All right reserved. It is NP-complete to find non-negative factors W and H with fixed rank r from a non-negative matrix X by minimizing ||X − WHτ||2F. Although the separability assumption (all data points are in the conical hull of the extreme rows) enables polynomial-time algorithms, the computational cost is not affordable for big data. This paper investigates how the power of quantum computation can be capitalized to solve the non-negative matrix factorization with the separability assumption (SNMF) by devising a quantum algorithm based on the divide-and-conquer anchoring (DCA) scheme [Zhou et al., 2013]. The design of quantum DCA (QDCA) is challenging. In the divide step, the random projections in DCA is completed by a quantum algorithm for linear operations, which achieves the exponential speedup. We then devise a heuristic post-selection procedure which extracts the information of anchors stored in the quantum states efficiently. Under a plausible assumption, QDCA performs efficiently, achieves the quantum speedup, and is beneficial for high dimensional problems.
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