Bi-level Masked Multi-scale CNN-RNN Networks for Short Text Representation

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Representing short text is becoming extremely important for a variety of valuable applications. However, representing short text is critical yet challenging because it involves lots of informal words and typos (i.e. the noise problem) but only a few vocabularies in each text (i.e. the sparsity problem). Most of the existing work on representing short text relies on noise recognition and sparsity expansion. However, the noises in short text are with various forms and changing fast, but, most of the current methods may fail to adaptively recognize the noise. Also, it is hard to explicitly expand a sparse text to a high-quality dense text. In this paper, we tackle the noise and sparsity problems in short text representation by learning multi-grain noise-tolerant patterns and then embedding the most significant patterns in a text as its representation. To achieve this goal, we propose a bi-level multi-scale masked CNN-RNN network to embed the most significant multi-grain noise-tolerant relations among words and characters in a text into a dense vector space. Comprehensive experiments on five large real-world data sets demonstrate our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art competitors.
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