An Analog BJT-Tuned Maximum Power Point Tracking Technique for PV Systems

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 2019, 66 (4), pp. 637 - 641
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An Analog BJT-Tuned Maximum Power Point Tracking Technique for PV Systems.pdfPublished Version930.62 kB
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© 2004-2012 IEEE. In this brief, an analog, bipolar junction transistor (BJT)-tuned voltage reference maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method for photovoltaic modules is proposed. The conventional fixed voltage reference method is the simplest method for tracking, but it does not obtain good MPPT efficiency because the maximum power point (MPP) voltage changes at different insolation levels. In reality, an approximately linear slope is formed when connecting the MPPs measured from the highest insolation level to the lowest. Utilizing this characteristic, a BJT, which has a similar electrical property, is used to implement a variable voltage reference that improves the accuracy of the MPP voltage when the insolation changes. The proposed circuit is simple and easy to implement, and it can track the MPP very quickly without the need for a digital controller or PID controller. Hence, the circuits cost and complexity are reduced. Experimental results are given to verify the feasibility of the proposed MPPT method.
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