Compact Dual-Channel Balanced Filter and Balun Filter Based on Quad-Mode Dielectric Resonator

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 2019, 67 (2), pp. 494 - 504
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. In this paper, we propose a method for designing a dual-channel balanced filter and a dual-channel balun filter based on the quad-mode dielectric resonator (DR) for the first time. By sharing one common quad-mode DR, two balanced filters or two balun filters are integrated as one single-cavity configuration, featuring compact size and high integration. A cylindrical DR with two short ends is investigated to construct the quad-mode DR. By properly arranging input and output feeding probes, two modes of the DR are only excited by the feeding probes of one channel and the other two modes are excited by that of the other channel. Accordingly, signals cannot be transmitted between the two channels, resulting in high isolation. Moreover, the required out-of-phase characteristics of the balanced and balun filters can be obtained by the inherent electromagnetic field properties of the DR without adding additional circuits, featuring a simple structure. For demonstration, a dual-channel balanced filter and a dual-channel balun filter are designed and fabricated, showing excellent balanced or balun filter performance of each channel as well as high isolation between the two channels. As compared to the other reported DR balanced and balun filters, the proposed designs exhibit a significant size reduction, which are attractive in wireless systems.
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