Compensating Neutral Current, Voltage Unbalance and Improving Voltage of an Unbalanced Distribution Grid Connected with EV and Renewable Energy Sources

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Conference Proceeding
2019 22nd International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, ICEMS 2019, 2019
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© 2019 IEEE. Coordinating electric vehicle (EV) charging offers several possible solutions, e.g., charging or discharging rate, and schedule time to improve performances of the distribution network. But EV charging or discharging schedule can be affected due to the punctuality of EV users and equipment failures. The growing penetration of EVs is expected to affect the distribution network performances (voltage unbalance, neutral current, and voltage) as well as generation scheduling due to EV uncertainties. Most of the proposed EV charging control strategies improve the network performance ignoring comfortability (change charging or discharging rate) and lack of punctuality of EV users. This paper investigates the impact of EV uncertainty on the imbalance of the network in a higher penetrated distribution grid. A centralized control algorithm is proposed to coordinate EVs and DESs service point of connection (SPOC) among phases to mitigate the network imbalance and improve the voltage. Using the proposed control approach, the candidate DES number is reduced to participate, whereas EV users do not require to participate. Results obtained using the proposed control approach shows that the neutral current reduces 82.98%, voltage unbalance up to 99.08% and improve voltage up to 17.08%.
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