Exploiting Backscatter-Aided Relay Communications with Hybrid Access Model in Device-to-Device Networks

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking, 2019, 5 (4), pp. 835 - 848
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© 2015 IEEE. The backscatter and active RF radios can complement each other and bring potential performance gain. In this paper, we envision a dual-mode radio structure that allows each device to make smart decisions on mode switch between backscatter communications (i.e., the passive mode) or RF communications (i.e., the active mode), according to the channel and energy conditions. The flexibility in mode switching also makes it more complicated for transmission control and network optimization. To exploit the radio diversity gain, we consider a wireless powered device-to-device network of hybrid radios and propose a sum throughput maximization by jointly optimizing energy beamforming and transmission scheduling in two radio modes. We further exploit the user cooperation gain by allowing the passive radios to relay for the active radios. As such, the sum throughput maximization is reformulated into a non-convex. We first present a sub-optimal algorithm based on successive convex approximation, which optimizes the relays' reflection coefficients by iteratively solving semi-definite programs. We also devise a set of heuristic algorithms with reduced computational complexity, which are shown to significantly improve the sum throughput and amenable for practical implementation.
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