Auto-weighted multi-view clustering via kernelized graph learning

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Journal Article
Pattern Recognition, 2019, 88 pp. 174 - 184
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© 2018 Datasets are often collected from different resources or comprised of multiple representations (i.e., views). Multi-view clustering aims to analyze the multi-view data in an unsupervised way. Owing to the efficiency of uncovering the hidden structures of data, graph-based approaches have been investigated widely for various multi-view learning tasks. However, similarity measurement in these methods is challenging since the construction of similarity graph is impacted by several factors such as the scale of data, neighborhood size, choice of similarity metric, noise and outliers. Moreover, nonlinear relationships usually exist in real-world datasets, which have not been considered by most existing methods. In order to address these challenges, a novel model which simultaneously performs multi-view clustering task and learns similarity relationships in kernel spaces is proposed in this paper. The target optimal graph can be directly partitioned into exact c connected components if there are c clusters. Furthermore, our model can assign ideal weight for each view automatically without additional parameters as previous methods do. Since the performance is often sensitive to the input kernel matrix, the proposed model is further extended with multiple kernel learning ability. With the proposed joint model, three subtasks including construct the most accurate similarity graph, automatically allocate optimal weight for each view and find the cluster indicator matrix can be simultaneously accomplished. By this joint learning, each subtask can be mutually enhanced. Experimental results on benchmark datasets demonstrate that our model outperforms other state-of-the-art multi-view clustering algorithms.
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