Design of bionic-bamboo thin-walled structures for energy absorption

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Journal Article
Thin-Walled Structures, 2019, 135 pp. 400 - 413
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd Bio-inspired engineering design has drawn considerable attention in the recent years for its great structural and mechanical features. This study aimed to explore the energy absorption characteristics of a novel bionic-bamboo tube (BBT) structure subjected to axial crushing. The tubes with six different cross-sectional configurations were devised with inspiration of bamboo microstructure. The effects of rib shape and rib number were analyzed by using the finite element code LS-DYNA. The numerical results indicated that the BBT structures with the rib shape of “X” and the rib number of six exhibited the best crashworthiness. To further improve the energy absorption capabilities of these BBT structures, the multiobjective optimization was employed with respect to design variables of configurational structure, such as the rib angle of the “X” shaped cross-section, center distance and rib thickness. The response surface method (RSM) and multiobjective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm were adopted to maximize specific energy absorption (SEA) while minimizing peak crushing force (PCF). The optimization results demonstrated that compared to the baseline design, the SEA value of the optimized BBT structure was further increased by 6.84% without sacrificing in peak crushing force.
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