Design of wideband in-phase and out-of-phase power dividers using microstrip-to-slotline transitions and slotline resonators

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 2019, 67 (4), pp. 1412 - 1424
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© 2019 IEEE. A new class of in-phase and out-of-phase power dividers with constant equal-ripple frequency response and wide operating bandwidth is presented in this paper. The proposed design is based on microstrip-to-slotline transitions and slotline resonators. A slotted T-junction is adopted to split the power into two parts and obtain wideband isolation between the two output signals at the same time. The characteristic impedance of the transitions and resonators determines the operating bandwidth and in-band magnitude response. By reversing the placement direction of the slotline-to-microstrip transition, the electrical field is reversed, thus resulting in out-of-phase responses between output ports. A thorough analysis of the relations between the structure and the characteristic functions is provided to guide the selection of parameters of the structure in order to meet the design objectives. In the structure, simulation and measurement are conducted to verify the design method. For both in-phase and out-of-phase cases, more than 110% bandwidth has been achieved with excellent matching at all ports and isolation of output signals. Constant in-band ripple is obtained within the operating band of the power dividers, indicating that the proposed design can realise minimal power deviations, which is extremely desired in wireless systems.
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