Distributed Control of Low-Voltage Resistive AC Microgrids

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2019, 34 (2), pp. 573 - 584
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© 2019 IEEE. This paper proposes a distributed control strategy for coordination of distributed energy resources (DERs) in low-voltage resistive microgrids. The proposed framework consists of two level structures; primary and secondary control. Unlike the existing distributed control solutions, the proposed method is based upon the practical assumption of network impedance being resistive. The primary control level consists of a V-I droop mechanism, where GPS timing is used to synchronize the control agents. A consensus-based distributed secondary control method is introduced to improve the voltage regulation and load sharing accuracy of the V-I droop method. In the proposed approach, the d-axis component of the voltage is altered so as to regulate the average microgrid voltage to the rated value while guarantying proper sharing of active power among the DERs. Additionally, the q-axis component of voltage is adjusted to perform proper current and, accordingly reactive power sharing. The proposed control methodology accounts for the distribution line impedances. It features a plug-and-play environment; prior system knowledge is not required, and an arbitrary DER can enter the microgrid without any need for additional synchronization. An ac microgrid is prototyped to experimentally demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed method.
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