Energy Management and Time Scheduling for Heterogeneous IoT Wireless-Powered Backscatter Networks

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Conference Proceeding
IEEE International Conference on Communications, 2019, 2019-May
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© 2019 IEEE. In this paper, we propose a novel approach to jointly address energy management and network throughput maximization problems for heterogeneous IoT low-power wireless communication networks. In particular, we consider a low-power communication network in which the IoT devices can harvest energy from a dedicated RF energy source to support their transmissions or backscatter the signals of the RF energy source to transmit information to the gateway. Different IoT devices may have dissimilar hardware configurations, and thus they may have various communications types and energy requirements. In addition, the RF energy source may have a limited energy supply source which needs to be minimized. Thus, to maximize the network throughput, we need to jointly optimize energy usage and operation time for the IoT devices under different energy demands and communication constraints. However, this optimization problem is non-convex due to the strong relation between energy supplied by the RF energy source and the IoT communication time, and thus obtaining the optimal solution is intractable. To address this problem, we study the relation between energy supply and communication time, and then transform the non-convex optimization problem to an equivalent convex-optimization problem which can achieve the optimal solution. Through simulation results, we show that our solution can achieve greater network throughputs (up to five times) than those of other conventional methods, e.g., TDMA. In addition, the simulation results also reveal some important information in controlling energy supply and managing low-power IoT devices in heterogeneous wireless communication networks.
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