Enhanced separation of photogenerated charge carriers and catalytic properties of ZnO-MnO<inf>2</inf> composites by microwave and photothermal effect

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2019, 786 pp. 418 - 427
Issue Date:
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. To improve the solar energy utilization and photodegradation efficiency of ZnO and α-MnO2, ZnO/MnO2 composite materials were prepared by a facile method. The materials are characterized by XRD, Raman spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electronic microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and UV–vis diffuse reflection spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity and microwave-assisted photocatalytic activity of the composite are much higher than that of ZnO or α-MnO2. The main active species in the reaction progress were confirmed by electron paramagnetic resonance spectra and trapping experiments. According to the DFT calculation result and photothermal images, the enhanced catalytic activity is attributed to the photothermal and microwave-assisted effect. The addition of α-MnO2 improves the absorption of light and microwave by the composite, which can further heat up the catalysts. As a result, the separation of photogenerated charge carriers is accelerated. Finally, a mechanism for the enhanced catalytic performance of the composite materials was proposed.
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