Joint Adaptive AoA and Polarization Estimation Using Hybrid Dual-Polarized Antenna Arrays

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2019, 7 pp. 76353 - 76366
Issue Date:
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© 2013 IEEE. The propagation of a millimeter wave (mmWave) signal is dominated by its line-of-sight component. Therefore, the knowledge of angle-of-arrival and polarization state of the wave is of great importance for its reception at the receiver. In this paper, we estimate these parameters for an information-bearing signal in mmWave systems using hybrid antenna arrays with dual-polarized dipoles. The estimation is studied in the context of both the interleaved and localized arrays. Two blind adaptive algorithms, namely, the joint differential beam tracking and cross-correlation-to-power ratio polarization tracking, and the differential beam and polarization search, are developed, each tailored for an array. It is shown that the use of dual-polarized dipoles in combination with the developed algorithms effectively lead to polarization diversity which significantly enhances the signal-to-noise ratio at the decoder. The simulation results also show that the antennas with dual dipoles provide improved accuracy and convergence rate for the estimations compared with the conventional arrays.
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