HCBC: A Hierarchical Case-Based Classifier Integrated with Conceptual Clustering

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 2019, 31 (1), pp. 152 - 165
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© 1989-2012 IEEE. The structured case representation improves case-based reasoning (CBR) by exploring structures in the case base and the relevance of case structures. Recent CBR classifiers have mostly been built upon the attribute-value case representation rather than structured case representation, in which the structural relations embodied in their representation structure are accordingly overlooked in improving the similarity measure. This results in retrieval inefficiency and limitations on the performance of CBR classifiers. This paper proposes a hierarchical case-based classifier, HCBC, which introduces a concept lattice to hierarchically organize cases. By exploiting structural case relations in the concept lattice, a novel dynamic weighting model is proposed to enhance the concept similarity measure. Based on this similarity measure, HCBC retrieves the top-K concepts that are most similar to a new case by using a bottom-up pruning-based recursive retrieval (PRR) algorithm. The concepts extracted in this way are applied to suggest a class label for the case by a weighted majority voting. Experimental results show that HCBC outperforms other classifiers in terms of classification performance and robustness on categorical data, and also works confidently well on numeric datasets. In addition, PRR effectively reduces the search space and greatly improves the retrieval efficiency of HCBC.
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