Hexagonal K<inf>2</inf>W<inf>4</inf>O<inf>13</inf> Nanowires for the Adsorption of Methylene Blue

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Journal Article
ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2019, 2 (6), pp. 3802 - 3812
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Hexagonal K2W4O13 Nanowires for the Adsorption of Methylene Blue.pdfPublished Version11.38 MB
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© 2019 American Chemical Society. In this study, novel hexagonal K2W4O13 (h-K2W4O13) nanowires were strategically synthesized via a facial hydrothermal method, which exhibited excellent adsorption capacities for wastewater treatment. The inorganic agent K2SO4 was used as a structure-directing agent to scaffold the tunnel structure of h-K2W4O13 and form the one-dimensional structure. Through increasing the relative molar ratio of K2SO4 to Na2WO4 precursor, the pure-phase h-WO3 nanorods and h-K2W4O13 nanowires were obtained, attributing to the competitive electrostatic adsorption between K+ ions and Na+ ions on h-WO3 nuclei. With a smaller hydrated radius in the solution (dK+ = 3.31 Å, dNa+= 3.58 Å), K+ exhibited superior affinity compared to Na+ with the negatively charged h-WO3 nuclei because of a larger charge density, resulting in the formation of h-K2W4O13. Adsorption experimental results showed that 89.4% of methylene blue was removed by h-K2W4O13 in the first 5 min (99% in 1 h) and the maximum uptake capacity reached 204.08 mg g-1. In addition, the novel h-K2W4O13 exhibited acid or alkali resistance and good reusability, revealed by the stable adsorption capacity in a wide pH range of 3.0-11.0 and five-run recycle tests. The large specific area, high proportion of effective pore volume, and abundant hydroxyl groups of the synthesized h-K2W4O13 resulted in excellent adsorption performance for methylene blue.
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