Beam steering conformal transmitarray employing ultra-thin triple-layer slot elements

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2019, 67 (8), pp. 5390 - 5398
Issue Date:
2019-08-01
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. A novel conformal transmitarray with beam steering ability is presented. First, an ultra-thin transmitarray element consisting of three layers of identical square ring slots is developed. The element has a thickness of 0.508 mm (0.04 wavelength in the free space at 25 GHz), achieving a transmission phase range of 330° with a maximum 3.6 dB loss. The element is then applied to a curved transmitarray conformal to a cylindrical surface fed by a standard gain horn with about a 10-dBi gain. A prototype is fabricated radiating a boresight beam with a peak measured gain of 19.6 dBi and an aperture efficiency of 25.1%. Second, when the transmitting surface of the above array is divided into two parts from the middle with different main beam directions, the combined beam can be radiated to an oblique angle with respect to the boresight direction. Using this method, a mechanical beam scanning conformal transmitarray antenna is designed. Its size is about 2.5 times larger than the fixed-beam one and consists of six transmitting surfaces with main beams directed to different angles. By rotating the feed horn to different positions, the main beam of the array can be switched to ±15°, ±10°, ±5°, and 0°. A prototype is fabricated with a stable gain of about 18.7 dBi at all beam angles.
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