Low-complexity multiuser receiver for massive hybrid array mmwave communications

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Communications, 2019, 67 (5), pp. 3512 - 3524
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© 1972-2012 IEEE. In this paper, we study the low complexity reception of multiuser signals in uplink millimeter wave (mmWave) communications using a partially connected hybrid antenna array. Exploiting the mmWave channel property, we propose a low-complexity user-directed multiuser receiver with three novel schemes for allocating subarrays to users. This receiver only requires the knowledge of angles-of-Arrival (AoAs) for dominating paths and a small amount of equivalent channel information instead of perfect channel state information. For comparison, we also derive a successive interference cancellation-based solution as a performance benchmark. We design two types of reference signals with the channel estimation method to enable efficient and simple estimation for AoA and equivalent baseband channel. Also, we provide analytical results for the performance of the AoA estimation, using the lower bounds of mean square errors in line-of-sight dominated mmWave channels. The simulation results validate that the proposed channel estimation method is effective when employed in combination with a zero-forcing equalizer.
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