The promise of functional near-infrared spectroscopy in autism research: What do we know and where do we go?

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Social Neuroscience, 2019, 14 (5), pp. 505 - 518
Issue Date:
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© 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a neuroimaging technique that has been gaining increasing interest as a method to investigate the brain function of individuals on the autism spectrum. It is a non-invasive, portable and relatively motion-tolerant method of measuring haemodynamic activity in the brain. fNIRS can be particularly effective for quantifying brain function in challenging clinical populations. In light of this, there is a growing body of fNIRS literature focusing on individuals on the autism spectrum. The aim of this review is to evaluate and summarise key studies from the literature and discuss their implications for the field. Potential limitations of the fNIRS approach and resolution of these issues based on emerging fNIRS research are also discussed.
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