A detailed investigation of phosphorus removal in soil and slag media

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Journal Article
Environmental Technology (United Kingdom), 1997, 18 (7), pp. 699 - 709
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Kinetic studies on phosphorus (P as orthophosphate) sorption onto a sandy loam soil from North Sydney, Australia, and a slag (waste products from the BHP steel industry, Australia) revealed that more than 90% of the P was adsorbed within 70 and 12 hours for the soil and slag respectively. The pH of the P solution played a critical role in the rate of P removal. Removal was at a minimum at pH 2. Dominant removal mechanism of P at pH less than 8 was physical sorption, while it was chemical precipitation at pH greater than 10. Adsorptive capacity of the slag was 225 and 53 times of that of the soil for the static and dynamic systems respectively. Breakthrough curves obtained from the column experiments are S-shaped and more spreaded with the decrease of influent P concentration. Simulated results from an equilibrium sorption model (ESM) and Freundlich isotherm constants did not always match the corresponding experimental breakthrough data. Mobility of P is restricted by the adsorbent due to its high sorption capacity of P. © 1997 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
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