A reinforced concrete frame element with shear effect

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Journal Article
Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 2010, 36 (1), pp. 57 - 78
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A novel flexibility-based ID element that captnres the material nonlinearity and second order P-11. effects within a reinforced concrete frame member is developed. The formulation is developed for 2D planar frames in the modified fiber element framework but can readily be extended to 3D cases. The nonlinear behavior of concrete including cracking and crushing is taken into account through a modified hypo-elastic model. A parabolic and a constant shear stress distribution are used at section level to couple the normal and tangential tractions at material level. The lack of objectivity due to softening of concrete is addressed and objectivity of the response at the material level is attained by using a technique derived from the crack band approach. Finally the efficiency and accuracy of the formulation is compared with experimental results and is demonstrated by some numeri"al examples.
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