A Ka-band circularly polarized substrate integrated cavity-backed antenna array

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 2019, 18 (9), pp. 1882 - 1886
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 2002-2011 IEEE. A high-gain 4 × 4 substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) circularly polarized (CP) antenna array at a Ka-band with a quadruple-ridge waveguide polarizer is proposed in this letter. The antenna array consists of 16 cavity-backed slot antenna elements, quadruple ridge waveguide polarizers, and SIW T-type power dividers. Dominant resonant mode TE110 is excited in the cavity-backed slot antenna element. The measured impedance bandwidth (S11 < -10 dB) is from 35.3 to 35.55 GHz, and 3 dB axial-ratio bandwidth is from 35.24 to 35.57 GHz. In addition, the maximum measured gain of 18.14 dBi at the boresight is experimentally obtained at 35.42 GHz. The antenna prototype was fabricated by a multilayer printed circuit board technology. To the best of our knowledge, the quadruple-ridge waveguide is used as polarizer to produce CP signals for the first time. Compared with an aperture antenna with a conventional rectangle or a circular waveguide polarizer, this work has high aperture radiation efficiency as well as compact size. This design idea may open a new way for development of millimeter-wave high-efficiency arrays.
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