Dimensional accuracy, flowability, wettability, and porosity in inkjet 3DP for gypsum and cement mortar materials

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Automation in Construction, 2020, 110
Issue Date:
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© 2019 Inkjet (powder-based) 3D Printing is a popular and widely used technology, which can be applied to print a wide range of specimens using different powder materials. This paper discusses the use of inkjet 3DP technology for construction applications using custom-made powder instead of commercial gypsum powder (ZP 151). The paper aims to address the differences between ZP 151 and CP (a custom-made construction-specific cement mortar powder) with regard to powder flowability, wettability, powder bed porosity and apparent porosity in 3DP specimens. An inkjet 3D printer is employed and experimental results verify that ZP 151 has a lower angle of repose, a higher contact angle and noticeably less porosity in the powder bed compared with the CP powder. Additionally, specimens printed with ZP 151 have a lower apparent porosity compared with CP specimens. The wettability for each of the powders was tested using contact angle goniometer, while the Optronis Cam-Recorder was used at 1000 fps at 800 × 600 pixel resolution images for the powder flowability tests. The bulk density tester was utilised to find the apparent porosity in the printed specimens. The paper also discusses the details of the printing procedure and dimensional accuracy of printed specimens.
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