Food waste based biochars for ammonia nitrogen removal from aqueous solutions

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Bioresource Technology, 2019, 292
Issue Date:
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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Biochar derived from waste has been increasingly considered as a potential green adsorbent due to its significant ability and affordable production costs. This study prepared and evaluated 7 types of food waste-based biochars (FWBBs) (including meat and bone, starchy staples, leafy stemmed vegetables, nut husks, fruit pericarp, bean dreg and tea leaves). The impacts of raw materials, pyrolysis temperatures (300, 400, 500, 600 and 700 °C), and residence time (2 h and 4 h) on the removal of ammonia nitrogen at different ammonia nitrogen concentrations (5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 150 mg/L) were investigated. The batch equilibrium and kinetic experiments confirmed that a FWBB dosage of 3 g/L at 25 °C could remove up to 92.67% ammonia nitrogen. The Langmuir isotherm model had the best fit to equilibrium experimental data with a maximum adsorption capacity of 7.174 mg/g at 25 °C. The pseudo-second order kinetic model well describes the ammonia nitrogen adsorption.
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