Multi-dimensional habitat vegetation restoration mode for lake riparian zone, Taihu, China
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Ecological Engineering, 2019, 134 pp. 56 - 64
- Issue Date:
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The riparian zones that were surround bodies of fresh water have been extensively degraded by human influence. Their restoration strength and management are an issue of urgent. Particularly, the knowledge based for the restoration of riparian zone has expanded in recent years. However, progress on a global scale has been limited, because little is known about its complex and diverse functions and structures. A national ecological restoration project of Taihu Lake (China)provided a case study for classifying and restoring the riparian zone. In this work, we quantified the classification of riparian zone, vegetation-zone in the ecotones and a recommended suite of introduced riparian vegetation communities. Taking the structures of the ecotones, soil conditions, vegetation configurations, and anthropogenic disturbances into account, six types of vegetation-zone were used to classify riparian zone, which are as follow: reefs, islands, dokdo–island, island–shore, dike–shore, and shoreland. Then a multi-dimensional habitat vegetation restoration mode for each type based on six vegetation-zones were also recommended. The water ecological quality was developed to a healthy state under this implement. Therefore, results suggest that profound division of habitat-vegetation is important in the modern ecological engineering theories for riparian zone. In order to provide a key parameter for Taihu Lake and other worldwide lakes with similar characteristics, an eco-restoration model and a reconstruction scheme for the vegetation community have been presented. In a conclusion, these recommendations could largely assist further development for lake management.
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