Weakly Supervised Learning by a Confusion Matrix of Contexts

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2019, 11607 LNAI pp. 59 - 64
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© 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Context consideration can help provide more background and related information for weakly supervised learning. The inclusion of less documented historical and environmental context in researching diabetes amongst Pima Indians uncovered reasons which were more likely to explain why some Pima Indians had much higher rates of diabetes than Caucasians, primarily due to historical, environmental and social causes rather than their specific genetic patterns or ethnicity as suggested by many medical studies. If historical and environmental factors are considered as external contexts when not included as part of a dataset for research, some forms of internal contexts may also exist inside the dataset without being declared. This paper discusses a context construction model that transforms a confusion matrix into a matrix of categorical, incremental and correlational context to emulate a kind of internal context to search for more informative patterns in order to improve weakly supervised learning from limited labeled samples for unlabeled data. When the negative and positive labeled samples and misclassification errors are compared to “happy families” and “unhappy families”, the contexts constructed by this model in the classification experiments reflected the Anna Karenina principle well - “Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way”, an encouraging sign to further explore contexts associated with harmonizing patterns and divisive causes for knowledge discovery in a world of uncertainty.
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