Open-stopband suppression and cross-polarization reduction of a substrate integrated waveguide leaky-wave antenna

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
2019 URSI Asia-Pacific Radio Science Conference, AP-RASC 2019, 2019
Issue Date:
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© 2019 URSI. All rights reserved. Most leaky-wave antennas (LWAs) suffer from significant gain degradation when the main beam points towards broadside. This is because an open stopband (OSB) restricts broadside radiation. In this paper, a method to suppress the OSB of a periodic substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) LWA is discussed. By simultaneously introducing a slot and a partially radiating wall in each unit cell the impedance in the OSB region has been matched and hence a continuous beam scan through broadside is achieved. The developed LWA can scan its main beam from 74° continuously to +40° when the frequency varies from 7.45 to 10.55 GHz, with a broadside gain and a level of cross-polarization for the broadside beam of 10.8 dBi and 21.37 dB, respectively.
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