Numerical and Physical Modeling of the Effect of Roughness Height on Cavitation Index in Chute Spillways

Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal of Civil Engineering, 2019
Issue Date:
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© 2019, Iran University of Science and Technology. This study presents the results of physical and numerical modeling of the effect of bed roughness height of chute spillways on the cavitation index. A 1:50-scale physical hydraulic model of the chute spillway of Surk Dam was constructed at the hydraulic laboratory of Shahrekord University, Iran. The experiments were conducted for different flow rates and the parameters of pressure, velocity, and flow depth in 26 positions along the chute. Finally, the ANSYS-FLUENT model was calibrated in the chute spillway using the experimental data by assumptions of two-phase volume of fluid and k–ε (RNG) turbulence models. The cavitation index in different sections of the chute spillway was calculated for different values of bed roughness including the roughness heights of 1, 2, and 2.5 mm. Results showed that the minimum values of the cavitation index were 0.2906, 0.2733, and 0.2471 for the roughness heights of 1, 2, and 2.5 mm, respectively. The statistical significance analysis showed that reducing the roughness height from 2.5 to 1 mm would not change significantly the value of the cavitation index at 95% confidence interval.
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